First it is worth to mention about Iraq. The reason is not only that in this country the woman really has a very hard life, but also that the US is to some extent involved in this. We know that when the US troops entered Iraq they tried to liberate Iraq from the regime of Saddam Hussein. So it was officially stated. In fact, the reason is not really clear: the United States really wanted to liberate Iraq from the totalitarian regime, or avenged the September 11 terrorist attack (in which Iraq really was not at all to blame), or the US simply needed the country's oil. But this is not important in this case. The result is that the damage caused by US troops is devastating and the situation is actually much worse. The invasion of the US Army provoked terrible violence, which in most cases was aimed specifically at the female population. In addition, at the moment the level of education in the country is one of the lowest. Before that, it was one of the highest among the Arab countries. So you can immediately notice the negative dynamics. Such a low level of development provokes an attitude towards a woman as a powerless person.
Women in Pakistan have always had a lot of problems because of a biased attitude. In particular, their origin is the decisive factor. This often determines the further treatment of woman. The death penalty or murders due to bad reputation are increasingly becoming the subject of universal attention. In remote tribes, people can periodically observe situations in which women are subjected to group rape as punishment for crimes of the husband. The situation worsens by the fact that the problem of extremism on religious grounds is growing in the country. That's why women in politics, government, law enforcement are often the target of violence. Therefore, a woman does not even have the right to expect protection if she is abused by her husband. According to statistics, 9 of 10 women in Pakistan are victims of domestic violence at least once in their life. If we talk about attitudes at work, there is also discrimination. A woman in Pakistan gets 5 times less than a man for the same job. Besides it’s very difficult to find the job for even very clever woman.
Low level of economy is due not only to financial problems, but also primarily to the negative attitude towards a woman from the part of men. One of the main problems here is physical violence. Few women are able to avoid operations that harm their genitals. This is due to various traditions and rituals. At the same time those who are looking for justice can not hope for anything. The reason is that in Mali there are no laws that would prohibit such operations on the sexual organs of women. In addition, the country is very rude towards marriage. Almost every woman has to enter a very early marriage. That's why 10% of women die in process of giving birth or even during pregnancy. It is therefore difficult to argue with the fact that women in Mali have particularly difficulties. The most sad is that no prospects for positive changes in legislation and society's relations should be expected.
India fell into this list primarily because of HIV infection. Approximately 40% of new cases are women. Also violence is becoming an increasingly urgent problem. 7 of 10 women are periodically subjected to domestic violence and the situation continues to deteriorate. According to statistics every 3 minutes 1 woman in India is subjected to violence, every 29 minutes 1 woman is raped, the murder is committed every 77 minutes. It is difficult to imagine the meaning of expression «the murder because of the ground of disputes over the dowry», but what is happening here clearly provides a proper representation of the situation. Also, according to statistics, about 50 million girls were killed last century because of the infanticide. More than 100 million of girls were sold into slavery. More than half of the girls in India have been married at the age of less than 18 years. Marriages at an early age provoke health problems.
In Somalia, there is an active civil war, which provokes many negative phenomena, including for women. The civil war made women particularly vulnerable. Virtually every woman undergoes a crippling operation on the genitals. Usually, girls from 4 to 11 years old face to this. This is a problem that can not be understood in other countries and even imagined. It is also almost impossible for a woman to be realized in politics. Women's parliament is less than 10%. Thus, the fact that there has never been a woman president in the US seems to be of little significance. Also, according to statistics, only 1 of 10 women give birth in the hospital. This is not only due to financial difficulties, but also because of the negative attitude towards women. A woman in Somalia is considered a lower class person. That’s why life of Somali women is difficult to call easy and even normal.
In Syria, violence against women is somewhat less than in other countries described here. But the main problem is the realization of a woman in her career. Not more than 14% of women are employed, and for example 76% of men work. The situation is also complex in politics. A little more than 10% of the seats in politics are occupied by women. Women's rights are very poorly protected here. But the life expectancy of a woman is greater. If men live on average to 55 years, then women live 10 years more. At the same time, there is an important reason to consider life in Syria very difficult. Because of the military conflict, the standard of living here is rapidly falling. The conflict has been going on for a long time and this is the reason that many residents of Syria are becoming refugees. The US tried to intervene in the war, but so far there are not positive results. The conflict continues to be all the same cruel and bloody. This especially affects women and children.
Violence against women has become significantly larger in Guatemala because of the civil war. The war has been continued in the country for about 36 years. After that, many years have passed, but the impact of war is still palpable for women in Guatemala. The level of femicides here is one of the highest in the world. Only Salvador and Jamaica have higher level. If a woman is an activist of some movement, then for her it becomes dangerous. According to statistics, an average of one attack per day is committed to them. About 10,000 rapes in a year are registered in the country. The indicator is higher, but it is hiding, since many women are afraid of public condemnation. Almost all raped are young girls. Such actions were usually used as military tactics. According to some doctors, it is difficult for such girls to rely on medical care in the future, and doctors do not have enough resources to help all those in need.
In Sudan, women constantly face to many problems because of legislative discrimination. The government uses various influences so that the residents of the whole country are silenced. This is especially true of women who are engaged in human rights activities. For this both intimidation and sexual violence are used. Daniel Beckel, in his detailed report on Africa, laid out in detail all aspects of life in Sudan. In his report, he described how the government of the country specifically drafts laws and concludes agreements with parties to silence women. The report includes 61 pages and is obligatory for familiarization by all who is not indifferent to this topic. Though it will be difficult to read, but the information is worth it. Proceeding from the above information, it can be understood that it is practically impossible for women to realize herself in politics, to achieve career growth or to defend her rights.
The Democratic Republic Of Congo
The DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo) has suffered for a long time from a military conflict. During the civil war, an average of three million people died. Virtually all residents are periodically subjected to various kinds of violence, attacks. The most frequent attacks are committed by various parties of the conflict, militiamen. Rape became a frequent phenomenon for women, from which 1,100 women suffer every day. According to statistics, 200 thousand rapes were registered in the country over the past 20 years. It is especially difficult to live here for pregnant women. Virtually no medical assistance will be provided to them. More than half of pregnant women suffer from anemia. Also, many people have serious health problems when they are pregnant. According to the legislation of the Congo, a married woman does not have the right to make any decisions, to sign documents without her husband's consent.
Afghanistan is on the insignificant list of countries where the life expectancy of a woman is less than that of men. On average, a woman here lives to 45 years, and a man - to 46. A lot of women in the country are illiterate. The main reason for this negative trend is the war, which has been lasted almost 30 years. Women are so discouraged from getting an education that sometimes they can even be killed for such a wish. Legislation provides the duty of the victim to marry his rapist. More than half of the women married before the age of 16. According to statistics, every half hour 1 woman dies during childbirth. The country has the highest rate of maternal mortality. This is due to the fact that 8 out of 10 women give birth without medical assistance. There are no prerequisites for improving the situation. This is due primarily to the world outlook of residents and the peculiarities of traditions in the state.
Women in Chad have virtually no rights. Marriages are still organized here without the consent of the girl. Most often the bride is less than 12 years old. In eastern Sudan, many women live in refugee camps. The standard of living here is very low, except that women are often subjected to violence and rape. Many people may be interested in the meaning of living here. In fact, if women leave the camp or do not get there in time to reach them, they may face to even more serious problems: infringement of rights, attacks, murders. Often, attacks are committed by armed groups, gangs. There were also recorded cases when such units operated under the leadership of law enforcement officers of the state. That is, the situation is further complicated by the fact that it is almost impossible to achieve justice for a woman. Also in the country one of the highest mortality rates is noted. Most cases are the deaths of women, children.
Unlike other countries in this list, Brunei has laws about women's rights set forth in the books. But at the same time in the state there are a lot of serious problems that still do not allow to consider this country normal for the life of a woman. In 2013, an addition to the Syariah law was issued. The new order significantly reduced rights of women, children and sexual minorities. Punishment for treason and other faults were tightened up to the death penalty. By the way, the death penalty according to Syariah Penal Code Order is acceptable. It is because of these regulations that women are most often subjected to unjustified violence, cruelty and harassment. Most interesting is that the state ratified the declaration on the guarantee of human rights and priority freedoms. But at the same time it is these laws that primarily contradict international norms. While laws do not harmonize life here is dangerous for women.
Yemen won first place in the ranking of the worst countries for the lives of women in 2014. The state is one of the worst in terms of ensuring the realization of women in politics, economics or other social spheres. A total of less than 10% of women are represented in ministries and none in parliament. The most serious problem is too early marriages. Almost every woman married at the age of less than 18 years. About 1 in 6 girls got married before the age of 15. In addition, it is almost impossible for a woman to get an education in Yemen. If across the men 83% can read, then across women there are less than half. This is a clear confirmation of the terrible discrimination in education in the country. Also, women practically do not have access to medicine and therefore the mortality rate in the country is very high. In addition, a woman has virtually no chance to defend her rights because of the risk for her life.
In Saudi Arabia, there is a law that prohibits a woman from taking any decisions without the permission of a man who is her relative. More than 14,000 women sent an official petition with demands to change the situation. It is because of this law that women have not had the opportunity to develop herself. This has brought some results and now women have the right to participate in elections, but so far they have been deprived of many rights. According to religious beliefs, a woman can not even drive a car. Many priests believe that a woman who drives a car violates social rules. A woman can not take part in sports competitions, since there she demonstrates her appearance. But the trend in Saudi Arabia is positive. Women are actively fighting for their rights to achieve a relationship as an equal, not as a second-rate people. So soon the situation of the woman here can improve. The difficulty lies only in the fact that it is even dangerous for women to manifest special activity in social, political movements.
Honduras has long become the capital of femicides in the world because of the sad statistics. That's why he leads the list of the most terrible countries for a woman to stay there. According to the statistics of Global Citizen, one woman dies in the country every 18 hours. This trend is due primarily to catastrophic impunity. In particular, the legislation practically does not provide for punishment for the murder of women. Only 1 of 10 guilty is punished. But the reason is also that in the country at a high level and the overall level of crime. Because of drug trafficking, corruption, law enforcement agencies can not provide protection from violence. Women are particularly vulnerable in this situation. In addition, women are practically absent from the government and therefore there is simply no one to fight for women's rights. In this country you can notice a violation of rights not only of women, but also of the entire population as a whole.