A similar anomaly is observed even for some stars, which are known all over the world. Heterochromia is a disease that is accompanied by a change of eye color. A person can have eyes of different colors or each have several colors. But this phenomenon often becomes very popular. Such people are not considered ugly, but simply have a kind of charm. For those who have the same anomaly, you can find good friends. Mila Kunis, Kate Bosworth, Elizabeth Berkeley, Henry Cavill are known all over the world. They also have this disease and yet do not consider themselves worse than others. It is for this reason that heterochromia is referred to simply as an organism, rather than an ugliness. Modern technologies allow you to correct the color of the eyes and visually remove the anomaly. But that's just why, if it emphasizes the individuality of a person.
Improper limb development
Ectrodactyly is a disease when a person's arm or leg develops incorrectly. A characteristic feature of pathology is the absence of one or more fingers. In this case, a cleft occurs between the fingers. Or a finger of a shorter length than is prescribed. Similar anomalies are possible with other organs, when some part of the body in the process of intrauterine development is not completely formed. Modern medicine can partially cope with the problem. In some cases, it is possible to restore the limb by implantation. In more severe situations, the operation simply helps to slightly improve the functionality of the damaged limb. But at the same time, not all feel incomplete. Cedric Gregoire from Nocturnal Depression plays guitar perfectly. In doing so, he uses a limb to facilitate the game and create unique sound effects.
The manifestation of this syndrome is the lack of coherent actions of the human hands. One of the brushes acts separately from other parts of the body and is not controlled by the will of man. Very often such people talk about their limbs as a fictional friend, give them nicknames. This is due to the fact that the hand acts even before a person has time to think about it. At the moment, scientists around the world are arguing about the causes of such an anomaly. Many of them agree that this phenomenon is caused by the lack of coordination of the hemispheres of the brain. Until now, doctors have not been able to find a way to cure the disease. Such patients are advised simply to eliminate the symptoms of the problem. To do this, you just need to hold something in your hand or take it by work. A similar disease was shown in the film Idle Hands, where the protagonist Devon Sawa was possessed by a demon.
Horribly low immunity
It is customary to use the abbreviation SCID to denote this diagnosis. This is a particularly severe form of immunodeficiency. The condition arises from the large number of mutations at the genetic level. The immune system is important for a person. It is the immune system that provides protection against diseases and other negative factors. People with this disease have the too weak immunity People with SCID are forced to constantly be in sterile conditions. Even the mildest infection can be fatal. At the moment, scientists have not found a way to deal with this pathology. The maximum allowable treatment is a bone marrow transplant. Complexity arises in the search for a donor, which should ideally match the parameters. In recent years, medicine has made a breakthrough and now these patients have a pleasant prospect. A treatment technique has been developed that has helped several patients to restore a normal immune system.
Such a pathology is related to the fact that the level of methemoglobin rises and because of this the blood begins to transfer oxygen worse. Because of this, the blood becomes brown, not the familiar red. It is because of this that a person has many external defects, including blue skin. Often it can be easily managed with such ailment. To do this, you just need to adjust the diet of the patient or prescribe the necessary medication. This problem was identified a very long time ago, but the treatment of the disease was developed recently. The most interesting case was recorded in the 19th century. Then a woman with such a pathology moved to live in Kentucky. She did not even suspect that there get acquainted with the family with the same illness. Gradually, they formed friendly relations. Later, she married a man from this family. Later they had children with blue skin.
Special sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
A similar disease was demonstrated in Better Call Saul. There one of the heroes Chuck was forced to never leave his home, as exposure to sunlight on his skin could be fatal. A similar disease was given the scientific name of Xeroderma Pigmentosum. Sun rays damage the skin of any person. The skin loses its ability to regenerate itself after sunburn in patients with this pathology. For this reason, people with such disease usually have all the manifestations of sunburn: redness on the skin, blisters, redness of the eyes. In the future this provokes skin cancer. The only recommendation for patients is minimizing exposure to the sun. Unfortunately, in any case, patients with this illness usually live no more than 20 years. The reason is that the treatment methods have not been discovered so far. Most often people die because of skin cancer.
A rare blood group is not a disease. It's more like just a deviation from the norm. A particularly rare blood group is distinguished by the absence of Rh in the composition of antibodies. This group was called "golden blood". This name is explained by the fact that the owners of this blood group are considered to be excellent donors. Donors are ideal because of their versatility. Such people can save many lives. At the same time, such donors are rarely used in medical practice. The main reason is that it is very difficult to find a donor without Rh antigens. People with such a rare blood group are counted in less than 10 people on the planet. Such blood is so rare that it is used only in rare cases, when there is no alternative. At the same time, the owners of such a blood group believe that their lives are no better than those of other people. They do not consider themselves special. Unfortunately, there are very few such people. Therefore, it is very difficult to find such a donor. Also, medicine is working to bring such group in artificial conditions. This is important in order to be able to save more people.
Abnormal development of bones and large tumors
The Proteus syndrome is one of the most horrible diseases on this list. The reason is in the most ugly outer mutations. All over the world, there are 100 such patients. The disease is characterized by excessive skin formation, and intensive growth of bones. The main problem with such disease is the formation of many tumors on the human body, as well as intensive painful growth of bones. Bones with this diagnosis grow all life. There are no ways to get rid of pathology at the moment. The most famous owner of this disease is Joseph Merrick. In cinematography, this disease is examined in detail. In 1980, the film "Elephant Man" was filmed. The film was named after the nickname Joseph Merrick. The main role in the movie was played by Anthony Hopkins, the director of the movie was David Lynch. The film was nominated for the Academy Award 8 times.
Uncontrolled growth of muscle mass
The main reason of this anomaly is that a person has impaired protein metabolism in the body. In particular, myostatin does not function correctly. This anomaly leads to the fact that muscle mass begins to grow much faster and easier. At the same time, no additional effort is required on the person. Muscle mass grows automatically without physical exertion. For example, animals (cows, dogs) have a large volume of muscle mass. But later this phenomenon was noted in people. In Germany, the case was recorded when a child was born with a double muscle. Only in 5 years he could easily hold a weight of 7 kg with his arms outstretched. This kid certainly is not threatened with attacks in school. Many medical laboratories tried to create a drug that could block excessive production of myostatin, but these attempts were unsuccessful.
Amazingly dense bones
Surviving a car crash is very dangerous for any person. This often leads to terrible injuries and devastating consequences for the body. But this is not always the case. For example, in 1994, one person discovered the amazing abilities of his body. John suffered a serious accident, but when he was given an X-ray, he discovered an abnormal density of his bones. This mutation is noted in the gene LRP5. This gene is often vice versa responsible for reducing bone density. But in this case the situation is the opposite. When such an anomaly was discovered, the images were sent to research institutes and various organizations. The answer amazed everyone. The family lives in Kansas and they have exactly the same dense bone structure. These people never suffered from fractures. It turned out that John is a relative of the family. These are people who can really be tested for strength.
This is not a physical defect of the body, but a mental deflection. Yet due to the uniqueness of this syndrome it also got on our list. The syndrome is usually called the Cotard's Delusion. The main symptom is the belief in his death. Everyone who suffers from this mental illness believes that he is dead. They believe that the organs and parts of the body rot, but there is no blood in the body. The second name of this pathology is the Walking Dead Man Syndrome. Depending on the intensity of manifestation, the disease can lead to different consequences. For example, people with mild illness are simply very depressed. They are almost completely isolated from society. But sometimes a mental disorder can progress. With severe disease, people deny the presence of any part of the body, sincerely believe in their death. Also, such people can spend a lot of time in the cemetery. They explain this by their desire to be closer to the same dead.
Little old people
It is one of the most sad phenomena in people's lives. Progeria is a serious disease that causes the rapid aging of children. There is a pathology due to a mutation in the LMNA gene. These children are born usually healthy. The baby develops normally up to 2 years. After this, the parents have already noticed the first symptoms. The first manifestations are loss of hair, teeth, development of the body, manifestation of other signs of aging. The prognosis is very sad for these patients. Usually people with this diagnosis do not live long. The reason is in frequent strokes and heart attacks. Thus it is necessary to believe in the best. Medicine has been working hard on finding a cure for Progeria. This problem is relevant all over the world and is considered one of the most sad. Now doctors offer to such patients a powerful supportive therapy for prolonging life.
Hair covering all over the body
This is an excellent comfort for those men who do not like to shave in the morning. After this photo everyone will feel lucky. There is a much more terrible thing than a daily face shave. Hypertrichosis is a disease in which a patient experiences intense hair growth throughout the body. Previously, such people often just performed in the circus and amused people. At the moment, no methods of treating pathology have been found. This disease is genetic and is inherited. For example, in Mexico, the Gomez family lives, who suffer from such a disease. However, not all members of the family look negatively at the disease. Danny refers to this mutation with humor and tries in every possible way to use for personal purposes its uniqueness. But still some people treat such patients with caution. Gomez received threatening messages. The reason is that at home they are considered possessed by the devil.
Unpleasant odor of the body
Such a rare disease is called trimethylaminuria. The reason is that the body can not normally process trimethylamine (TMA). Due to the disruption of the splitting, there is a bad smell occurs. The person emits the smell of fish, which comes from his sweat, breathing and other liquid secretions of the body. The problem is that this person can not remove this smell. Even if he uses a deodorant every 5 minutes to remove the smell is unlikely to succeed. People feel terrible. It is not pleasant to realize that the body is constantly hostile. Unfortunately, at the moment doctors have not been able to find any medicine for such pathologies. The only possible way to reduce negative manifestations is diet. A person must follow a strict diet constantly. It is necessary to completely abandon the use of fish, eggs and other products that contain sulfur in its composition.
Multiple warts and scales
After this message everyone will feel happy and fall in love with his body. Everyone who is dissatisfied with his appearance will be able to make sure there are much worse options. Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a skin disease that provokes the appearance of warts, scales and other growths on the body. These outgrowths tend to cover the entire human body. Many patients need to do several operations per year to avoid the progression of pathology. Patients may lose the ability to properly use body parts and organs due to numerous flakes. The degree of damage to the human body in each situation will be individual. There is a great risk that the disease will completely get out of the control of doctors. EV is such a rare and amazing case of all that can only be seen. In this case, the manifestations are similar not even to skin disease, but to a person's degeneration into another organism. This fact most shock the patient and surrounding people.