Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Officially, this terrorist group appeared in 1919, but during the 20th century it had gradually transformed into several separate organizations. The goal of IRA was obtaining Northern Ireland’s independence from Great Britain. They claimed that they wanted to see a strong united Ireland, which would be completely independent from its closest neighbor and eternal enemy – Britain. It’s worth mentioning that British authorities have repeatedly tried to make concessions, but terrorists’ position was unswayed. All in all, IRA is blamed of approximately 3500 deaths and more than 50 000 injuries. They first began using such method of terrorism as car bombing with plastic explosives. Also they were first to organize sudden attacks in public places – restaurants, streets, and others. As a result, a lot of civil population suffered from their terroristic activity. They didn’t get what they wanted, but a lot of innocent people paid for their crazy ideas with their lives.
The Naxalites are one of the cruelest and largest military terroristic organizations worldwide. It was founded in 1967 under the influence of communist ideology of Mao. Their goal is to destroy the existing political system of India and establish a “real” democracy in the form of military communism there. The Naxalites today are considered one of the biggest dangers threatening India’s security. Their terroristic activity is recorded in almost half of 50 states of this country. The characteristic feature of The Naxalites is their unreasoned violence towards their victims. According to official statistics, over the last decade only, its members have killed over 10 thousand people. In reality this figure is even more impressive. The terrorists belonging to this group “specialize” in attacking security personnel and civil population. Also they kidnap children and women, selling them as sexual slaves or making suicide bombers of them. Reportedly, in some states they eliminated some villages completely.
This organization that carries out its activities in African states was estimated the most murderous and pitiless of existing terroristic groups. They literally kill everybody and everything they meet in their way. They are notorious for mass kidnapping of people, including children. They attack schools and hospitals and take hostages from civil population. Only in 2014 the members of this organization killed over 7 thousand people. And for the time of their existence (since 2002) they forced over 2 million people to leave their homes. At first, Boko Haram was considered an integral part of Al-Qaeda, but now they operate independently. Their main scene of activity is Central African region - Nigeria, Chad, Niger and Cameroon. Their primary goal is establishing Islam in these states. Nobody knows for sure how many members Boko Haram includes, but according to preliminary estimates, their number floats from 6 to 15 thousand.
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)
The Spanish name of this terroristic group is Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia. It was established in 1964, and is still active. Not long ago, the FARC and the authorities of Colombia signed a peace deal. A specific feature the FARC is a large share of women and teenagers in its ranks. But in spite of it, the terroristic group is notorious for numerous acts of violence, kidnapping people for ransom, as well as drugs distribution. Women and children kidnapped often are forced to sex slavery and/or terrorism. Many of the kidnapped have enrolled the FARC later. They attack both civilian and security servants. Initially, the FARC was developing as a brunch of the Communist party, but later they began operating separately. They designate its goal as destroying of capitalism and establishing communism in the country. According to specialists’ estimates, as of today this group has over 10 thousand active members.
Hezbollah The Hezbollah is a Lebanon political party and one of the bloodiest terrorist organizations of the world. It exists since 1985. Initially, the goal of the Hezbollah was to make Americans and the French leave Lebanon and obtain complete independence of the country from the colonists. Also this group for many years has been involved in guerrilla wars. They fight against Israel and Serbia as well as attack the official South Lebanon Army. The Hezbollah members are known for their anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism. Also they fight against the western influence in Lebanon. Today Hezbollah is considered the strongest Lebanon military group. It is stronger than the official Armed Forces of the country. They conduct extensive guerrilla campaigns in different regions of the country. Also they are responsible for a lot of terrorist acts including those with suicide bombers. Though they focus on fighting military forces, a lot of civilians suffered from their activity.
Lord’s Resistance Army
The terrorist group, the members of which call themselves the “Lord’s Resistance Army”, was established in 1987. It is an African organization, and the scope of their activity covers such states as Uganda, South Sudan, the CAR and Congo. The terrorist say that their goal is establishing Christianity as an official religion of these countries. The leader of the Army is a certain Joseph Kony, who declared himself a prophet. In fact, the activity of the organization comes down to murders, kidnapping of children and making of them sexual slaves and soldiers. According to unofficial data, the members of the Lord’s Resistance Army are guilty of over 20 000 cases of murders. Also they forced about 1.7 million to leave their homes and look for salvation. Only for the second half of 2005 they kidnapped about 1300 citizens of Uganda including about 700 children and teenagers. And in the end of 2009 they murdered over 300 people in four days and kidnapped about 250 people.
ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna – Basque Country and Freedom)
ETA is a Basque terrorist organization, existing since 1959. According to their own claims, their primary goal is obtaining complete independence of the Basque Country from Spain. Their scope of activity is limited to Spain and some regions of France. In particular, they organize terrorist acts mainly in the Basque Country and Madrid. Their attacks are usually targeted – they kill politicians, military servants, security personnel and workers of strategically important objects. But sometimes they kidnap and kill people who are far from politics. For example, this list of their victims includes university professors, journalists and even engineers and constructors. All in all, ETA is blamed of murdering of about 1000 people. Also they are accused of bombings, taking hostages and killing innocent people. Not long ago they killed several men involved in the construction of a highway. Needless to say that the activity of ETA is forbidden in the territory of Spain.
This is a Chechen terroristic group that carries out its activity primarily in the territory of the Russian Federation and Georgia as well as Iraq and Syria. The organization is relatively young – it was established in 2007. The ideological base of their activity includes jihadism and Islamic fundamentalism. Their goal is a complete independence of the North Caucasian region from Russia and creating their own Islamic state. The members of the Caucasus Emirate are responsible for a number of headline terrorist acts in the territory of Russia and other states. Their main line is scare tactic, and their method is bombing. Their attacks are usually not targeted, but random, which results in victims among civilians. Some of their “achievements” include bombing of “Nevsky Express”, Moscow Metro, Domodedovo Airport and terroristic attack in Volgograd. The organization is accused of extremism, terrorism and separatism; its activity is forbidden.
LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam)
LTTE is a real “pioneer” in some spheres of terrorist activity. For example, it is supposed that they were the first to use so-called “suicide belts”. And nobody but they offered an idea of using women as suicide bombers. What is even more interesting, LTTE is the only terrorist organization in the world that is responsible for murdering of two first-rank politicians – the President of Sri-Lanka and Indian president. Finally, it is one of the wealthiest terroristic groups: according to rough estimates, its income used to reach $300 million per year. They even possess their own aircraft. LTTE exists since 1976. Their goal is creating a separate state in the territory of Sri-Lanka. For the times of the group’s existence, its members have killed over 100 thousand people including about 25 thousand of Indian and Sri Lankan security and military personnel. Also they forced over a million of civilians to emigration.
Since the time of its establishing in 1987, LeT has committed thousands of bloody crimes in the territory of South Asia. Supposedly, the group used to be financed by Osama bin Laden himself. Their aim is creation of the Islamic state in South Asian region and independence of Kashmir Indian state, which is now controlled by Pakistan. LeT “specializes” in both targeted and random terrorist attacks. Some examples are attacking Indian parliament, bombings in Mumbai in 2006 and 2008 as well as attacks of civilians in India – massacre in Chittisinghpura, Kaluchak and Delhi. Rumors are that LeT possesses several camps for terrorists training in the territory of Indian Kashmir and Pakistan. It is likely that the terrorists are unofficially supported by the Pakistani intelligence agency. Also, they have plans to murder Pope Benedict XVI, and even issued a fatwa (Islamic religious order) against him.
Though details of the activity of this terrorist organization are thoroughly hidden, it is well-known in the Islamic world. Supposedly, it unites several minor terrorist groups with similar goals. Their common global aims include changing the existing political system of Pakistan, establishing the Islamic state with a radical sharia regime in its territory and expelling NATO from this state. The scope of Tehrik-i-Taliban activity covers the entire territory of Pakistan. They are also accused of murdering of a former Pakistani Prime Minister and a lot of large-scale terrorist attacks in Pakistan. They say the Tehrik-i-Taliban takes an active part in Syrian civil war. The organization was founded in 2007. Apart from anything else, they are notorious for the massive attacks of CIA members. For example, in 2009 7 CIA members were killed by a suicide bomber. Also, the terrorist attempted to organize a terroristic act on the Tower Square.
Taliban – Also Known As Islamic Emirate Of Afghanistan (IEA)
Taliban is probably one of the most recognized and horrible terrorist groups worldwide. It was established in Afghanistan, but its terrorist activity is spread to many other states. It was founded in 1994; soon it had taken control over vast territories of Afghanistan. In all these regions sharia was imposed. Members of this organization are well-known for their extreme cruelty, religious fanaticism and extremism. The Taliban was lacerated by the American forces after the major terrorist act on September, 11. After that the terrorists tried to take revenge by new severe attacks of the official Pakistan’s government. It is believed that Taliban leaders get assistance from ISI (Pakistan). All in all for the time of the existence of the Taliban movement, its members have committed thousands of most horrible crimes against the people of Afghanistan. Destroyed villages, burned lands, broken lives, death and devastation are a cause of their activity.
Al-Shabaab is a multinational organization including terrorists from Yemen, Swahili, Afghanistan, Malaysia, Sudan, Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and even the UK. However, the “core” of this group is made up with Somalis, and they conduct their activity in Somalia mainly. The ideological substantiation of their activity is the so-called “holy war” against “kuffar”. Al-Shabaab is known for the extreme violence of its members towards women and non-Islamic people. For example, they practice whipping women in public for violations of the Islamic law, such as bras wearing. The group was established in 2006; nowadays it includes about 9 thousand members. Reportedly, the terrorists get support from Al-Qaeda. Also, it is believed that they have links with Somalia pirates. Al-Shabaab is responsible of many thousands murders of innocent people including women and children. The terrorists have forced over million people to leave their homes. Nowadays they are involved in unstopping bloody war in Somalia.
Al-Qaeda (The Foundation)
The Al-Qaeda is a major and powerful terrorist movement, which unites a great number of terrorist groups basing their activity on the ultra-radical Islamic ideology. The key theory of this ideology is that the entire non-Islamic world strives to eliminate the world of Islam. The aim of the organization is struggle with “kuffar” (in particular, the Jewish and the Christians). And their major goal is a complete elimination of human-made laws and establishing sharia laws everywhere in the world. Al-Qaeda came into existence in 1988 in Afghanistan. It is believed that one of its founders was Osama bin Laden. Earlier, he, as well as other founders, used to fight against the Soviet forces. Nowadays Al-Qaeda conducts its terrorist activity in many countries of the world. Its members are involved in military operations in Syria, Somalia, India, Yemen and so on. It is also responsible for a lot of terrorist attacks in Europe and America. The largest of them was the attack of the World Trade Center in New York, where almost 3 thousand people were killed.
ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria)
The ISIS is the worlds’ largest terrorist organization. Though it exists since 2013 only, in the hands of its self-declared leaders, huge amounts of money and huge power is concentrated. Some time ago, ISIS declared itself to be a caliphate. In Islamic terms it means that all the Muslims in the world must keep their laws. Only according to the official data, ISIS has about 200 thousand members, and its annual income amounts to many billions dollars. Unofficial statistics is even more impressive. The list of crimes committed by the ISIS is endless. There are no any borders for them in conducting terrorist attacks. Their “schtick” is posting videos with hostages’ tortures and decapitation. Also they are accused of severe acts of human rights violence, numerous murders, kidnapping, destroying of cultural monuments and so on. Nowadays the ISIS is involved in numerous war conflicts all over the world.